What Is The Difference Between Basic And Comprehensive Health Tests?

What Is The Difference Between Basic And Comprehensive Health Tests?

What Is The Difference Between Basic And Comprehensive Health Tests?
29 May 2021

Some particular health issues or medical conditions can be spotted via health screening. It is critical as some diseases are usually not associated with symptoms right on time. You may not find it easy to figure out whether you need a health check or not. A lot of health tests include some conditions that can be easily tested and are essential to your well-being.

Most people are faced with the issue of being overweight (obese). A height and weight measurement can help you check it out. Typically, health screening is not invasive, and results are accurate. They involve taking samples of urine, stool or blood and testing them for diseases. Radiological checks like X-rays and ultrasounds are part of it. Usually, invasive tests such as biopsies will not be done.

Consult your doctor on the kind of screening you can get at different centres. Basic and comprehensive screening is available at screening clinics.

What is basic health screening?

This is the physical examination performed by your private GP. Here, bio-physical measurements including height, weight, body mass index (BMI), colour vision, blood, urine analysis, and visual acuity are carried out.

With blood tests, you can check for:

  • Cholesterol levels
  • Blood count
  • Blood sugar level
  • Kidney function
  • Liver function

Usually, blood counts are screened in a blood test. It diagnoses issues such as abnormal immune cells, sugar levels, abnormal clotting factors, anaemia, kidney and liver function, and cholesterol levels. As for urine tests, it diagnoses the presence of blood, protein, or sugar in the urine, plus any urine infection type.

There are several screening clinics where chest X-ray can be done to identify lung disorder or electrocardiogram (ECG) - a test for heart disease.

It takes 30 minutes to 120 minutes for basic health screening to be done. Patients that are young and have no medical history and inherited health issues can go for basic screening packages. This can be done once annually to once every 3 years. You can get general health screening at London GP Clinic.

What's comprehensive health screening?

Here, a blood test is carried out to diagnose several conditions like:

  • Sexually transmitted diseases and infections
  • Thyroid hormone level
  • Signs of cancer
  • ABO blood group
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B

Conditions like colon cancer can be screened for using stool test to know if there's blood present in the stool. However, blood in the stool can be caused by other issues like piles.

For sexually active women between the age of 25 to 65 years, a Pap smear may be carried out. This test is done for cervical cancer. Typically it is performed every 3 years following the doctor's recommendation. To diagnose osteoporosis, a bone mineral density (BMD) test is performed. Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones become weak and can be easily fractured. Women aged 65 years and others who are at risk are eligible for this screening. Talk to your GP about testing for osteoporosis. Should you have a high or moderate risk level, kindly contact your doctor for an osteoporosis test.

To identify breast cancer plus other conditions related to the breast, women aged 40 years and above are asked to undergo a mammogram or ultrasound scan. It is recommended that women aged 40 and 73 years get a health screening every year. For women that are 50 years and older, it is typically recommended that they get screened every 2 years.

There are radiological tests that cover the following:

  • Ultrasound of pelvis in women to check for ovaries and uterus conditions
  • Ultrasound of thyroid to check if the thyroid gland is functioning properly
  • Ultrasound of abdomen to check the functions of the liver, gall bladder and kidney

These tests may not be the only ones. Other clinics may offer several other tests. The time taken to perform a comprehensive screening is dependent on the number of tests carried out. It may take around 1 to 24 hours.

Should the result of your test come out as abnormal, you may get a referral to a specialist from your private GP.

Final words

The main difference between a basic screening and comprehensive test is the kind of tests involved and the duration involved. A comprehensive screening may take a shorter time to be completed.

Your doctor knows the kind of screening that is right for you depending on what health conditions are present.

The role of a health screening is so important and shouldn't be neglected. Remember that general health screening is critical to maintaining a healthy life. The more regular you get screened, the more health you maintain. Contact us today at London GP Clinic for more information.